[Tutorial] Arch i3 Installation Guide
by Noxy - June 11, 2019 at 01:07 AM
#1
Information 
1.0 Installation of Arch Linux
Installation guide Arch Linux and i3

In this installation guide, I will be covering the process of the installation of Arch Linux and getting a windows manager running. 
For this example, I will be using i3 for this process. If you're running ubuntu, Manjaro, Gentoo, Fedora & many others, I will link tutorials to videos. 

As I found out, the Arch wiki wasn't helpful as much. I came across some mistakes just via using the wiki so, I hope this installation guide can help everyone.
Before we start, make sure you have a USB that has the latest Arch Linux distro. If you aren't sure how to install a ISO to a USB, a video below will help you for the windows users.

(How to install arch on a bootable USB)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PJBZq7gsa8w

(Arch Installation Wiki)
https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/installation_guide

Requirement:
2GB USB
Internet
Working computer


1.0 Installation of Arch Linux 
Before installing Arch Linux, make sure your computer is connected to the internet.

# dhcpcd
# ping -c 3 archlinux.org

If none is available, stop the dhcpcd service with systemctl stop [email protected]<TAB> and see Network configuration. https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Network_configuration#Device_driver

Partitioning Disk (This is an example)
|--------------------------------------------------------------------|
| HDD 8GB - RAM 3GB |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------|
| /DEV/SDA | SIZE | MOUNT POINT | 
|--------------------------------------------------------------------|
| sda1 | 10GB | / |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------|
| sda2 | 1GB | swap |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------|
| sda3 | 9GB | /home |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------|

Check what your partition name is.
# lsblk
# cfdisk /dev/sda 

Format the partition sda1
# mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda1

Activate the swap partition
# mkswap /dev/sda2
# swapon /dev/sda2

Format the partition sda3
# mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda3

Mount the file systems
# mount /dev/sda1 /mnt
# mkdir /mnt/home
# mount /dev/sda3 /mnt/home

Choose closest mirror list
# pacman -Sy
# pacman -S reflector
# reflector --verbose -l 5 --sort rate --save /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist

Install arch linux base packages
# pacstrap -i /mnt base base-devel

Configure Fstab and chroot /mnt
# genfstab -U -p /mnt >> /mnt/etc/fstab
# cat /mnt/etc/fstab
# arch-chroot /mnt

Configure language and location
# nano /etc/locale.gen
uncomment your language, for example : en_AU.UTF-8 UTF8 
# locale-gen
# echo LANG=en_AU.UTF-8 > /etc/locale.conf
# export LANG=en_AU.UTF-8

Set time zone
# ls /usr/share/zoneinfo
# ln -s /usr/share/zoneinfo/America/New_York > /etc/localtime
ln -s /usr/share/zoneinfo/Region/City /etc/localtime
# hwclock --systohc --utc

Configure the repository
# nano /etc/pacman.conf
Uncomment the line: [multilib] and include = /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
# pacman -Sy

Set hostname and network
# echo yourroothostname > /etc/hostname
# systemctl enable [email protected] (If you don't know it, type "ip addr")

Set root password and create new user
# passwd
# pacman -S sudo bash-completion
# useradd -m -g users -G wheel,storage,power -s /bin/bash mimi (This name can be anything, Just replace "mimi")
# passwd mimi

Allow the users in wheel group to be able to preformance administrative tasks with sudo:
# EDITOR=nano visudo
Uncomment the line: %wheel ALL=(ALL)

Install and configure bootloader
# mkinitcpio -p linux
# pacman -S grub os-prober
# grub-install /dev/sda
# grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg

Unmount the partitions and reboot
# exit
# umount -R /mnt
# reboot
Take USB out of machine.
2.0 Installation of i3
sudo pacman -S xorg-server xorg-apps xorg-xinit i3[/font][/size]
[size=small][font=sans-serif]rm -rf ~/.xserver<TAB>[/font][/size]
[size=small][font=sans-serif]echo 'exec i3' > ~/.xinitrc[/font][/size]
[size=small][font=sans-serif]startx (startx starts the windows manager)


Distro i3 Installation Video

About Startx and xinit
also xinit and .xinitrc are to different things
xinit is a command. .xinitrc is file, usually in $HOME
startx is a script that runs xinit which parses .xinitrc if I remember that correctly


If I'm missing something, let me know via posting here.
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